Stop tour 1 (Palisade at the approaches to the castle)
We are now at the approaches to the costructions of Nevitsky Castle. They are relatively well preserved to this day. But the area of the castle was much larger in the medieval times. If you look closely at the terrain, you can notice the unnatural changes in the elevation of the terrain, which, in the form of remnants of the shafts (or terraces), around the upper part of the castle mountain by cascade. Archaeologists affirm that the upper shaft on the east side was protecting the castle palisade from the middle of the 15th century. On its ridge was a wooden-clay wall 1.6-1.8 metres high. It greatly enhanced the protective capabilities of the castle. The wall and shaft structures were extremely simple and therefore quite effective.
Within the palisade there was a part of the castle garrison, lived and worked the population who served the castle owners (blacksmiths, artisans, gunsmiths, livestock workers, etc.). There were situates stables, various workshops and some outbuildings and accommodation premises.
Archaeologists have found that a dirt road once led to the Nevitsky Castle by a serpentine. Its remains are now well visible in the picturesque forest on the northeast slopes of the castle mountain. The road has been preserved due to the fact that it passed along the left bank of a small stream of Wade and does not intersect with the modern highway. The width of the road was only 2-2.5 m. This short and well-trodden path led from the foot of the castle mountain. Once it served for delivery to the fortress of various goods and materials and, if necessary, rapid maneuvering of the castle garrison. The path was bypassed by all areas of forest with increasing humidity, and the road was strewn with sand and small pebbles. This made it possible to use the road even during long rains.
It is interesting that on the relief of the slopes of the castle mountain, in addition to the terraces and the shafts surrounding its upper part, archaeologists also trace individual man-made terraces, which once housed additional fortifications and may have been inhabited by some population. These sites have not yet been archaeologically explored. It is unambiguous that the foothills of the castle mountain on the side of the river Uzh have been inhabited since the end of the 13th and the beginning of the 14th centuries. This is evidenced by the archaeological material found here (fragments of dishes and fragments of burned clay coat). The Camelot Hotel is now located here. Archaeologists do not rule out that there could have once been an additional castle palisade, or at least a fortified settlement.