Stop # 2
Near the outer moat
with a general view of the castle
We invite you to pay attention to the bottom of the castle moat near the tower, which is built into the castle moat. You see some irregularities - traces of unknown structures. We also see some platforms here. They are located at different levels. These small sites were left in the rock monolith still at the stage of construction of the outer castle moat. On the single highest platform, there is a ditch for drainage of water. A little further along the moat to the north stand out the low barriers. Even archaeologists were not immediately able to explain all these mysterious elevations. The highest platform with a groove for water drainage is a ford through the moat.
It was filled with water. Pay attention at the level of the trench and ford. The difference between the water level and the platform level is 1.4-1.45 m. Thus, the warrior - the defender of the castle, who knew the secret hidden under the water of the ford, could in heavy protective gear go through the ditch. At the same time he went deep on his shoulders only. Ford provided the castle defenders some additional tactical capabilities, as they always had the opportunity to hit the enemy of the castle gate at the rear. The equipment and weapons could weigh up to 30 kg or more. That is, despite the short distance (trench width was about 8 - 10 m), the chances to swim out with such extra weight were almost zero.
But there is another mystery - where the water comes from? The castle is located on a mountain height of 82 m. Rainwater, which also evaporated, could not accumulate in the ditches in such quantity. There are no sources nearby. Water had to be supplied. How?
Medieval architects, or designers, found the original and very simple, as all genius, solution. Pay attention to the neighboring higher mountain located to east of the castle. This mountain is connected with the castle by a jumper with a smaller height difference. The higher mountain is shaped like a plateau and once housed a whole cascade of wells. Medieval craftsmen built a secret and well-masked water drive here. From it under natural pressure, through a relief jumper between the heights, with a drop in altitudes up to 10 m, water flowed to the castle mountain and directly into the outer castle ditch. It is interesting that, at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century, a fountain was erected during the construction of the rest area on the approaches to the Nevitsky Castle. He acted on the same principle as in medieval times, that is, it was used a water pipe that worked under natural pressure. In the middle Ages, the plumbing was most likely made of wooden pipes, as the remains of ceramic ones were not discovered by archaeologists. The pipes were buried in soil to a depth of 0.4 m and well masked. A small remnant of a kilometer-long trench from the water supply, we see directly above the platform-ford. To keep the secret, the mouth of the outlet pipe was located below the steady level of the water surface. Water, therefore, had to be supplied constantly and at a rate exceeding the time of natural evaporation from the plane of the mirror surface of an unnatural reservoir. At the northern end of the moat, a high jumper was left - an outlet through which excess water drained down the northern slope of the castle mountain.
It is common knowledge that the law of communicating vessels was discovered by the French scientist Blaise Pascal only in 1653 and published later - only in 1663? And we're talking now about the water pipeline in the middle of 15th century, that is, we observe a chronological gap of almost 200 years!
Now, please note that there is another platform below the ford platform, but at a much lower level. All these are the remains of one of the bridges to enter the castle. The passage in the wall opposite this platform was later bricked up. But, near the barbarian tower, archaeologists found another entrance and a bridge (there are now temporary stairs to the castle).