Stop tour № 3

Near the tower – Barbakan or temporary stairs.

We are now near the barbacan tower or the “Judith” tower. According to archaeologists, this structure was erected at the same time as the moat and the outer castle wall that is approximately in the middle of 15th century.
The term "barbacan" in medieval architecture means additional fortification that serves to protect the entrance to the castle; usually these are the towers that extend beyond the main line of defense. That is, we are now watching a classic example of this construction.
A main entrance to the castle was erected under the tower-barbacan and simultaneously with it. Two wooden log cabins (stands) were built on the approaches to the bridge along the road. Builders filled them with soil. This construction served to smooth rise of the road to a height of 0.5-0.6 m. The structure slightly reduced the height difference between the inner and outer sides of the moat. A drawbridge was built through the ditch.

Under the bridge, as you can see again, the rock-tuff platform - the outlier. This outlier served as a platform for the construction of higher stands. Moving up the temporary stairs right next to them on the inner slope of the moat, we see several rows of pillar pits carved in the rock monolith. Unlike the previous case, the pits are more systematic. The pillars once inserted into these holes served as supports for the bridge. The bridge's canvas also based on high stands in the central part of the castle moat.
At the entrance lies a fragment of a massive arch from the gates found by archeologists. Once it was located above the entrance.
At the moment, can be confidently asserted only the fact that the bridge in front of the gates was lifted one. This is evidenced by the dimples to lower the counterweight for the bridge’s canvas. It was discovered by archaeologists directly opposite the entrance from the inside of the outer castle wall.