Stop tour № 5.

Near the foundation walls of the square Donjon

According to researchers, N evitsky Castle already existed in XIII century.
In the first phase of its existence, the castle was a round, at least two-storey stone donjon surrounded by wooden fortifications. The remains of the foundations of the structure are before us. It is a massive solid tower with an internal diameter of 5.5 m and a wall thickness up to 2.4 m. Interesting that the cementing which strengthened laying of the round donjon’s base did not contain any additives of lime. Part of the foundation of the round donjon was later destroyed by subsequent rebuilding and by construction of the well. When the castle was first rebuilt is unknown, but at the beginning of the fourteenth century has already been erected another square in its base donjon, at the base of which we are now. As you can see, it partially cuts the remains of the round tower base.
During archeological research, fragments of round flat glass were found in many parts of the fortress. They were dark green and brown in color. According to the manufacturing technique, experts call this glass blown one. That is, produced manually by glass blowers and directly near the stove. Hot glass droplets were rolled into plates under the action of a device like a centrifuge. There comes out almost artistic round dies with various shades. Medieval craftsmen made of them stained-glass windows. To do this, these dies were first inserted into the specially made openings of the wooden boards that covered the windows. Subsequently, the technique emerged when the dies were connected with lead fasteners. The shape of the dies a bit reminds the moon, that is why this technique is sometimes called the moon one. Archaeologists have also frequently seen the debris of lead remnants. Thus, it can be affirmed that the windows of the castle structures were glazed with stained glass.

The process of completion of the premises was carried out gradually with the growing needs of the owners. It usually stretched for years on similar sites.
The end of XV-XVI centuries - is the heyday of the Nevitsky Castle.
During the archaeological research of the central castle courtyard was found a huge amount of household items, weapons, utensils. This indicates that the castle continued its active economic and political life in the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries.
A separate and very interesting topic is tiles, or heating systems of Nevitsky Castle. Archaeologists claim that tiled stoves appeared in the castle in the first half of the 15th century.
What is the value of the Nevitsky Castle? Why Transcarpathians are so proud of it? The fact is that the memorial is relatively well preserved. It is authentic. This statement is caused by the fact that after its destruction castle was not exploited and, accordingly, no adaptations or reconstructions were made here. The fortress seemed to have preserved itself, saved the illustrative nature of all its protective qualities. Thus, the castle can demonstrate all stages of the development of European castle fortification.